Keeping an eye on the world – and beyond: Satellites as a new form of intelligence

What if we could get a real-time feed from the middle of the Atlantic Ocean? Heat maps showing us gas leakages in the remotest areas of Siberia? Or continuous updates on the deforestation in the Amazon? Nanosatellites make all of that possible.

Weighing only a couple of kilograms, these small satellites are relatively cheap for companies and even some individuals to build. Nanosatellites now orbit the Earth in rapidly increasing numbers. In groups, nanosatellites can form constellations that provide critical data on our planet – with a low delay or, at best, in real time. They enable the radical global scaling of services, giving some business and citizens even the means to go prospecting the asteroid belt beyond Mars – perhaps to offer services on the Moon or nearby planets.

Summary

  • Satellites see more of the world at once, collecting planet-wide data
  • Satellites’ network coverage is unmatched in its reach of even the farthest corners of the globe
  • Satellites benefit both citizens and businesses, providing continuous data that informs everything from logistics to agriculture to politics
  • Satellites are likely to already influence your life, from your breakfast to your commute to work

Shoot for the moon

What satellites can do for businesses

The new space race is between companies.

Amazon, Uber, Facebook, and Walmart have all ventured into satellite projects with partnerships or operations of their own. Amazon runs as-needed, pay-as-you-go AWS ground stations; Uber uses high-resolution satellite imaging for faster and more accurate updates on city infrastructure; Facebook is launching its own internet satellite to provide broadband access to unserved and underserved regions; and Walmart has been using its own private satellite network for decades, tracking inventory and sales and improving communications between stores. (PDF)

What is notable is the range: Satellites create new opportunities in everything from retail to communications to mobility.

Building and launching small-scale satellites has never been easier –– or more important. Satellites act as our eyes and ears, identifying opportunities and threats in a continuously changing world. They connect us to people and systems in far corners of the globe.

 

“Houston, we have liftoff!”

The ABCs of making business in space

Cost-effective:

Satellites have become a viable business proposition for more companies than ever before

Far-reaching:

Satellites allow for blanket coverage of the world

Disruptive:

Satellites can provide near real-time information from anywhere on the planet and enable the scaling of services to global audiences

Paramount:

Satellites can help solve some of the most pressing environmental issues of our time

Warp speeds

The unprecedented reach of satellite networks

Remote connections

Satellites render “in the middle of nowhere” obsolete. Distant places like farms, mines, and oil platforms are easier to connect to digital networks via satellite links than through wired and terrestrial wireless connections.


Self-directed traffic

Satellites help us find our way with GPS tools, showing us our position in relation to others. Satellites direct airplanes and large vessels –– helping them navigate sea ice and avoid collisions. Ultimately, satellites make possible a total global vehicular autonomy. Automated vehicles on land, sea, and air alike require situational awareness, connectivity, and location information to operate safely.


Environmental conservation

Satellites gather data that show patterns and trends in weather, crop growth, and soil moisture levels, helping us maximize food production and prepare for extreme weather. Satellites’ data can help us pick out abnormalities, too, making it possible to scan the globe for forest fires and even for illegal fishing vessels.


Optimized fuel consumption

Satellites monitor and regulate our fossil fuel consumption, enabling supply chains to implement just-in-time arrivals that minimize fuel burned en route.


Humanitarian help

Satellites are our first form of crisis management: They provide information used to direct relief efforts and move masses of people. Satellites make our wireless connections more robust amidst environmental crises.


Societal cohesion

Satellites provide important data on societies, helping to monitor poverty rates in developing countries and to prepare populations for issues like crop shortages. That aids in preventing conflict.

 

Back to earth

Real-life applications of satellite technology

Overnight oats and orange juice

Satellites’ crop monitoring translates to improved yields with less fertilizer. That means a reduced need for farmland and less stress on the environment when creating your breakfast staples.

Coffee on the go

Satellites can offer the connectivity for banks’ systems to process credit card payments even in remote locations, like cruise ships. That means you can get your morning coffee to go, no matter where you are.

Past traffic jams

Crowdsourced traffic data, made possible with mobile devices knowing their own location, allows you to always choose the quickest route to work. Your team will thank you for it.

Insured rides

With satellite data, insurance companies are better able to assess risks for individuals and companies. They can track everything from private vehicles to entire fleets of ships and airplanes. You too will be better equipped to prevent your new car or motorcycle veering off course.

From one gate to another

Who needs airplane mode? The seamless handover from the terrestrial mobile network to the airplane’s satellite network means you can finally get some work done on the plane.

Flight tracking

Wonder when your friend will get off that flight? Satellites monitor air traffic to give you live updates on everything that’s still up in the air.

Stock analysis

Satellites can tell you whether a factory yard is piling up with inventory or whether a hypermarket’s parking lot is usually full or empty. That information can transform your fortunes in the stock market.

Interested?

Let’s connect you to the next frontier.

Director, Space and New Technologies

Juha-Matti Liukkonen

juha-matti.liukkonen@reaktor.com